Coffee in the world market

Coffee is grown for sale in 60 countries around the kidneys. In five countries - Brazil, Colombia, Vietnam, Indonesia and India - produce about 70% of the world's coffee. A place of honor historic ancestral home of coffee takes Ethiopia.
There are two main types of coffee - Arabica and Robusta. The world production share of Arabica is about 75%. Mixing roasted coffee fruits of different varieties and different degrees of roasting, manufacturers achieve a unique flavor combinations and formulations obtained blends kept a closely guarded secret.
Given that the global coffee market is unstable, and the production and trade in coffee has a great influence on the world economy, in 1962 (a year in the world sell about 5 million. Tons of coffee), after lengthy negotiations, the main producing countries and consumers of coffee, and signed ratified the international agreement on coffee, which acts on the present time. The purpose of the agreement - to promote the regulation of the global coffee market and to stabilize prices. World prices have to reimburse the coffee producers of the cost of production and for consumers - to be acceptable.
The optimal price is set to maintain a high demand for coffee and at the same time contribute to the continuous improvement of production technology of coffee. Beyond that, to comply with the international agreement on coffee, watching International Coffee Organization (ICO), with headquarters in London. ICO tries to regulate supply and demand in the global market through a system of export quotas (coffee export restrictions). The use of export quotas, which are defined for the individual producer countries monitored by the origin of the raw coffee certificates. Ukrainian coffee market players need to take into account external risks - above all, the growth of world prices for coffee beans. Coffee consumption in Ukraine compared with European countries is rather low, however, this figure is increasing annually. It is estimated that in 2004 the average Ukrainian buyer consumed about 0.8 kg of coffee per year, while in 2008 this figure increased by 0.2-0.6 kg, up to 1-1.4 kg.
Despite the positive trend, the level of consumption of coffee in Ukraine is still far from the European average - about 6 kg per year. Although, from the point of view of the coffee-producing countries, Ukraine ahead of the consumption of coffee per capita, Mexico (2008, 1.17 kg / person. Per year), Cote Yvoire (1.01 kg), Ecuador (0.68 kg), Indonesia (0.52 kg) and has already approached the birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia (1.36 kg).